Effects of microalgae on nutrient removal from mariculture wastewater in Can Gio District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Mariculture has currently brought greatly valuable products in many fields simultaneously released a large amount of wastewater contributing to water pollutions on account of its organic and inorganic constituents. Nowadays, with the development of environmental engineering, more and more approaches, especially friendly-environmental and highly effective wastewater biological methods, are being applied to tackle pollutions and minimize adverse effects of treatments to reach the sustainable development. This report focuses on the study of proliferation combined with elimination of polluting substances of marine algae species Tetraselmis suiscica, Tetraselmis sp., Platymonas sp. in aq- uaculture wastewater sampled from Can Gio District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam with levels of concentration during 14 days under normal marine algae culture conditions, and compared to that in Daigo’s IMK media. The results shown that, the algae species all grew rapidly simultaneously gave high nutrients removal yields (COD, N, P) and created a considerable amount of biomass within a short period of culture. Particularly, Platomonas sp. and Tetraselmis suiscica could proliferate as well as give high treatment yields of organic substances (COD), PO43-, NO3-, NH4+ and Total Nitrogen in concentrated wastewater. To sum up, this study showed the potential of using microalgae to reduce COD, nitrogen and phosphorus in mariculture wastewater.
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